The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an
American long-haul, mid-size widebody, twin-engined jet airliner
made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Its variants seat 242 to 335
passengers in typical three-class seating configurations. It is the
first airliner with an airframe constructed primarily of composite
materials. The 787 was designed to be 20% more fuel-efficient than
the Boeing 767, which it was intended to replace. The 787
Dreamliner's distinguishing features include mostly electrical
flight systems, raked wingtips, and noise-reducing chevrons on its
engine nacelles. It shares a common type rating with the larger
Boeing 777 to allow qualified pilots to operate both models.
The aircraft's initial designation was the 7E7, prior to its
renaming in January 2005. The first 787 was unveiled in a roll-out
ceremony on July 8, 2007 at Boeing's Everett factory. Development
and production of the 787 has involved a large-scale collaboration
with numerous suppliers worldwide. Final assembly takes place at the
Boeing Everett Factory in Everett, Washington, and at the Boeing
South Carolina factory in North Charleston, South Carolina.
Originally planned to enter service in May 2008, the project
experienced multiple delays. The airliner's maiden flight took place
on December 15, 2009, and completed flight testing in mid-2011.
Boeing has reportedly spent $32 billion on the 787 program.
Final US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and European Aviation
Safety Agency (EASA) type certification was received in August 2011,
and the first 787-8 was delivered in September 2011. It entered
commercial service on October 26, 2011 with launch customer All
Nippon Airways. The stretched 787-9 variant, which is 20 feet longer
and can fly 450 nautical miles farther than the -8, first flew in
September 2013. Deliveries of the 787-9 began in July 2014; it
entered commercial service on August 7, 2014 with All Nippon
Airways, with 787-9 launch customer Air New Zealand following two
days later. A larger variant, the 787-10, first flew on March 31,
2017. In January 2018, the -10 was certified by the FAA after
testing for 900 flight hours and delivered to launch customer
Singapore Airlines on March 25, 2018.
The aircraft has suffered from several in-service problems related
to its lithium-ion batteries, including fires on board during
commercial service. These systems were reviewed by both the FAA and
the Japan Civil Aviation Bureau. The FAA issued a directive in
January 2013 that grounded all 787s in the US, and other civil
aviation authorities followed suit. After Boeing completed tests on
a revised battery design, the FAA approved the revised design and
lifted the grounding in April 2013; the 787 returned to passenger
service later that month.
Photos in the slideshow were
taken between January 2016 and August 2018. Apologies for the
large copyrights in each photo - this is necessary in this day and
age where photos are widely stolen and passed along as if they are